This guide consists of lesson plans and cirriculum you'll most likely find useful when training your medicinal apprentice. You'll realize that each unit escalates in difficulty, leading to progression of lessons in addition; this is properly planned so it begins to involve and capture the trainee's mind while interesting them in the roleplay world's version of herbal functions and vitals.
This can be looked at as a break-down of my herb guide which you can find in the navigation boxes above. This training guide does not have everything on my herb guide, but only the simplest portions, which makes it easier to teach, comprehend, and read. Please enjoy!
Vocabulary, if desired, should be taught to the trainee prior to the lessons.
Poultice - A moist mixture of 1+ herbs
Paste - A moist mixture of 1+ herbs blended into water or other saturate.
Syrup - A thick liquid made usually by dissolution (or created from the content of a thick branch or stem that creates a thick remedy when mixed with herbs or hot water).
Ointment - A smooth and oily substance (usually made by crushing cobnuts and dissolving in water before adding to a poultice).
Pulp - A shapeless substance of which has a soft texture (usually made by crushing or chewing roots to expose their healing properties).
Epidermis - The outer layers of skin or other blanket of cells covering an organism (the top layers of skin).
Dermis - The layer underneath the epidermis which makes up the true layer of skin covering an organism.
Platelets - A component of blood involved in the clotting of blood during blood vessel injuries.
Proper Herb Retrieval
Proper Herb Retrieval
There are three portions of a plant that you'll need most when it comes to herbal remedies. Those parts would be the leaves, seeds, and stems. This being said, the roots, petals, or thorns may be needed as well. Each necessity will have to be obtained carefully, in fear of damaging the plant. I will tell you how to do this in hopes that you will teach your apprentice the same thing. Only minimal portions should be taken though, for you should wish to save some fresh botany for future needs.
To aquire a leaf without damaging the plant, you simply bend down and bite the leaf from the stem, therefore giving you the entire anatomy of the portion without damaging a vital plant part.
To retrieving the seeds of a plant can be difficult depending on the species of herb you're requiring. If it is similar to a sunflower, carefully shake the flower head to dislocate the seeds located within. They should softly fall to the ground without breaking.
Unfortunately, to aquire a stem, you must bite the plant from the base. This will damage the plant slightly, but the stem may be available for later use. If you take an herb by the stem, you must also care for the leaves and plant head, as they may prove useful in a time of need, and as stated above, you wouldn't want to ruin the resource for fear of aquiring all of the remaining plants and depleting the growth of the patch.
To extract the roots, it will depend on the strength of the plant. If the herb is very lithe and seems to hover gracefully in the dirt, it may be safe to pull the plant from the stem. However, I do not recommend this, as you risk damaging the plant and its properties. I suggest you carefully dig around the plant until the roots are visable, then work on removing the particles of dust without the use of your claws to safely obtain the herb.
If you seek the petals of a plant, you are able to pluck them with your teeth as long as extreme care is used.
The removal of thorns is tricky, as you wouldn't wish to harm yourself with the sharp end, nor the tender plant anatomy. Depending on the strength of the herb, you can either remove the desired thorns by using a careful rocking motion of the claw, or you can carefully bite the thorn from the stem. Take care of your mouth if you wish to extract them this way, as they could cause severe bleeding.
Proper herb storage is important, as the needs of each plant should be tended to when placed in the specified den or area. Herbs should be exposed to air, and not forced to be submerged under water, dirt, or gravel. Leaves, seeds, roots, petals, etc. could be placed in crevices or small craters in rock or dirt. If you have an entire plant it could and should be placed upright in a shallow pond of water to keep the plant living for as long as possible. However, do not submerge the plant, but only the roots.
Herb care is almost as important as storage, for if it isn't done right, the plant will not last long; this meaning, it most likely won't be very useful in a time of need. The list of herbal care is short, but by no means unnecessary or insignificant.
If an herbal portion becomes wet, place it in the sun to dry. This being said, the herb should only be given time to dry off, not dry out. If the plant becomes dried out, it may also be zapped of its use.
As mentioned above, leave enough of a plant during collection so it can continue to spread by reproduction and grow.
As obvious as it is, I will still state it kindly: gather new herbs when your stock gets low in case of emergency.
Lastly, throw out herbs that have lost their medicinal properties and values, as they will take up space.
Common Care consists of and teaches everything having to do with common warrior (or elder, if necessary) care. There are approximately five different items available for cure on the list. I will go over how to easily treat each one, therefore enabling you to blissfully teach your trainee.
Comfrey Root can be chewed into a pulp and massaged into the patient's stiff joint or muscle to relieve pain or discomfort. This same root can also be used to line nests to relieve stiffness of shoulders, although this method is quit uncomfortable.
Comfrey Root is also used to relieve the pain of wrenched claws. Apply the pulp to the irritated location and cover with a cobweb bandage. Due to the location, catchweed burrs will most likely not be of much help to fasten the bandage in place.
There are multiple ways to do this, however one of the easiest remedies to teach an new apprentice would be to apply a poultice of coltsfoot. Why? Simple; because you can teach your trainee that coltsfoot will restore the health and vigor of the patient'spaw pad. Once the poultice is applied, cover the paw with a cobweb bandage, gingerly twisting the edges of the cobweb into the fur, for catchweed burrs will not help much due to the location.
If a patient does not have any visable physical damage to his or her teeth, strip the softest parts from Alder bark and return to give the patitent the bark. Have him/her chew the remedy until the bitter flavor or wooden properties seem to have dissolved. If the patient retains damage to his/her teeth, present the patient with alfalfa. Alfalafa will prevent further tooth decay, as that is most likely the dominant issue of which is causing the pain.
Bile is a liquid that lines a small quantity of internal organs and aids in digestion.Mouse bile is the substance that will cause a tick to flee from the surface of an organism's pelt, as it is foul and unpleasant.Therefore you can ready a remedy by forming a ball of moss approximately the size of a domesticated feline's paw. Soak this sponge in the bile from a mouse for a couple moments. Once it is thoroughly drenched in the substance, remove it from the bile and tie it to a stick with either a thick fragment of cobweb, or dry moss. Once this process is complete, take it to the patient and dab the bile onto the designated area(s) infested with fleas. Once through with the medical process, dispose of the bile properly (placing it in the ground near crops or near/in a water source will contaminate the purity) and rise your paws so they're free of the foul substance.
Common Uses consists of and teaches everything which withholds healing properties but isn't technically consitered an herb.
Catchweed Burrs are used to hold the edges of cobweb bandages or poltices of which cover small areas of pelage.
Cobnuts are crushed and dissolved in water to bring density and a thick texture to an ointment. This comes in handy when applying a remedy to a place on a patient where gravity refuses to comply (i.e. neck or belly) or on a patient with fur of a longer length.
Cobwebs are used for numbers of things such as cleaning up minor spills, tying together splints or bundles of herbs, slowing blood flow and helping the body to produce platelets at a faster rate (mentioned in Unit Six), covering poltices to act as a source of protection, or covering a wound to keep bacteria or infection from entering.
Honey is used to treat sore or raw throats and can be cooled in chillier seasons to act as a soothing substance for minor burns.
Moss, like cobweb, is also used for an overabundance of things such as mopping up larger messes, tying things together, withholding liquids (such as mouse bile), acting as supportive bedding, and can be balled up to serve as a leisure-time game for patients or young mammals.
Sticks can be used for supporting splints, relieving pain during kitting (mentioned in Unit Nine), holding moss soaked in mouse bile, and crushing or stirring herbs for remedies.
Stones can be used for crushing or stirring herbs, making incisions, and improving platelet-production rates when heated (mentioned in Unit Six)
Simple Herb Treatment
Simple Herb Treatment
Teach your apprentice the different herbs of which ease the symptoms of each scenario. Emphasize how much and how many and for how long. Your apprentice should be eager to learn all that you know and all that you can share.
A couple of basil leaves will clear up the issue. Keep the patient hydrated at all costs, and make sure the patient has eaten. Headaches can come from hunger, dehydration, pregnancy, allergies, heat, injury, or simply chemical changes. However, the treatment listed is only for minor headaches, such as ones rousing from allergies or heat.
One or two juniper berries usually clear up the issue. Mallow leaves can usually help in place of juniper if desired. Be sure to invest in water to keep your patient hydrated. Be aware of what the patient ate in the past day or two, to be sure the pain isn't caused by ingestion. Bellyaches can be caused by indigestion, hunger, heat, constipation, illnesses, or menstrual cramps. However, the treatment listed is only for minor bellyaches, those caused by heat or minor illness.
If available, the stinger should be removed before further care is observed. Once the stinger is extracted, the sting should be carefully popped. The area should then be cleansed and numbed with cold moss, which will also take the swelling down. A poultice of blackberry leaves should be placed on the wound before covering with a cobweb bandage to keep out bacteria.
Sun burns are rare on a mammal, due to their abundance of fur, however if it were to occur, the process is fairly simple. A small portion of jelly is to be extracted from the aloe vera plant to place on the burn.
Damaged or sore eyes can be treated by trickling the juice or liquid from a celandine stem into the eye. Of course, this will bring minor discomfort, but as would eye drops to a human.
If a patient has ingested something harmful, you would simply feed them yarrow. Yarrow causes a chain reaction in the patient, commencing a portion of time where the patient will be vomiting. This is perfectly fine, however, for it is expelling the disadvantageous content which provided illness originally.
Simple Wound Indentification
Simple Wound Care
Simple Wound Identification
Lesson Four will bring awareness to simple wounds and how to identify and differentiate between severity.
Scratches occur when something catches or scores the surface of the skin. The scrape will be inflamed or swollen and will most likely turn a red or pink in color. Very little blood may occur if the scratch is deeper than usual, but it won't be a big deal.
Shallow abrasions are common and will occur when a frictional force is applied against the surface. The top layer of skin will be rubbed or torn off, and a minimal quantity of blood can be found oozing (or potentially cascading depending on severity.) from the wound.
Minor wounds occur when impact is made with something sharp and results in slashed or broken skin. Blood will occur if the wound is deeper than just the epidermal layer.
Simple Wound Care
Stopping/slowing blood flow or even covering exposed skin/flesh can be essential to any wounded patient. Therefore, it's to be ridiculed for an apprentice to be unaware of the simple process. Catchweed and cobwebs should be introduced, if they are not already known, to the trainee. The wounds listed below should each be cleaned or groomed by the host of the wound before treatment.
Bleeding scratches will almost never need pressurization or cobwebs; however, the severity will determine the herbs needed. If the scratch is shallow, a poultice of dock leaf will suffice, but if the scratch is more than minor, a thin poultice of horsetail will work perfectly fine.
Depending on the depth of the abrasion, the treatment process should conclude in a covering. A poltice of horsetail will usually fix an abrasion, but after the caretaker has thoroughly covered the wound, a thin bandage of cobweb should be nicely placed to secure the treatment and protect the vulnerable aspects.
Minor wounds should always conclude in a covering with catchweed to fasten the cobweb. A poultice of marigold will usually suffice, however pressure may need to be applied before treatment depending on the severity. For more information on pressurization, see Lesson Six. After the marigold poultice is placed, cover the wound securely with a cobweb bandage before fastening the edges to the pelt of the host with catchweed burrs.
Unit Five Optional
As a traditional medicine cat, it is preferred a feline know at least a few defense mechanisms, in case something were to happen. I have listed a few for you to go over with your apprentice if you wish.
Crouching down to leap out onto your enemy.
A fight-stopper. Slice with unsheathed claws against the soft flesh of the opponent's belly. If you're pinned down, the belly rake quickly puts you back into control.
Front Paw Strike
Frontal attack. Slice downward with your front paw at the face or body of your opponent.
Secure a strong teeth grip in the scruff of your opponent’s neck, then shake violently until they are too rattled to fight back. Most effective against rats, who are small enough to throw. A strong throw will stun or kill them.
Warriors who have trained and fought together will often fall instinctively into a defensive position, each protecting each other's back while fending off an opponent on either side. Slashing, clawing, and leaping together, battle pairs can be a whirlwind of danger for attackers.
This portion isn't entirely necessary, however it will give you and your apprentice a chance to roleplay together for elementary and uncomplicated fun. Teaching your apprentice to climb, hunt, swim, and hunt aren't skills required for a traditional medicine cat to have stored in their recollection, however it will give them a break from the overwhelming information.
Teach your apprentice to unsheathe their claws (if able) and hook them into the base of the tree. If you, as the caretaker, is strong enough, allow them to use your structure as support as they make their way up the tree until they gain the hang of the task. Insist they move upward in an ebullient progression, maintaining a grip of the tree bark until they reach the top. Once they reach the branches, encourage them to maneuver to a position in a branch crevice, allowing for a comfortable, relieving position. They then, depending on the height of the tree, can climb down or jump from the branch.
Unit Six A Unit Revisited
Major Wound Identification
Major Wound Care
When teaching about the coughs, be sure to go into detail as far as order of severity, explicit treatment, symptoms, etc. Coughs can escalate quickly and are best treated wisely. For any cough, water and nutrition should be administered daily. Dehydration could lead to worsened symptoms or headache, while lack of nutrition can lead to stomach pain or in extreme cases, death.
Seasonal coughs, or allergies, cannot entirely be cured, as the patient is responding to a change happening in the natural state of the earth. However, the symptoms can be eased or relieved with a dose of ginger or eyebright depending on the severity of the allergic reactions. You can find the detailed uses of these herbs on my Herbs and Remedies(Ginger, Eyebright) page.
Whitecough is the lease severe of the three Coughs (White, Green, and Black) and is the easiest to be treated. However, it still remains threatening, and if the illness still lingers after treatment, it will escalate to Greencough. Catmint can be used to treat the worst cases of whitecough. However, if the illness is still fresh and uncomplicated, I recommend tansy, hawkweed, or chickweed in replacement of Catmint. Whitecough symptoms include a small fever, a running/streaming nose, glossy eyes which may seem to be crusting, and of course, a nasty cough.
When teaching about the coughs, be sure to go into detail as far as order of severity, explicit treatment, symptoms, etc. Coughs can escalate quickly and are best treated wisely. For any cough, water and nutrition should be administered daily. Dehydration could lead to worsened symptoms or headache, while lack of nutrition can lead to stomach pain, or in extreme cases, death.
Asthma is a respiratory condition where the airways become inflamed, thus producing a buildup of extra mucus. This disease so happens to be rare in felines (only affecting approximately 1%), and even rarer in canines; however, to this there is no cure. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and breathing struggles. This can, of course, be eased by the consumption of yerba santa leaves (which will ease the breathing trouble by supporting expectoration), and a bit of tansy for the cough; yowling or howling will also prove affective, as it will keep the lungs clear of the fluid. Patients with asthma will most likely not live as long as their peers, seeing as there is no cure; this is because, the lack of asthma treatment will cause bronchoconstriction, which is where the patient's airways will tighten from the strain, leading the patient to an unfortunate suffocation.
Bronchitis (Acute Bronchitis) is a condition in which the patient's bronchial tubes become inflamed. This is unfortunate because these tubes carry air to and from the lungs. This condition is similar to Greencough, but I believe they're different illnesses. Bronchitis spreads easily, but is treatable. Symptoms of Bronchitis include shortness of breath, coughing, fatigue, a streaming nose, and sleeping difficulty; chest pain is also common. Treatment of this illness includes tansy, water, and honey which will soothe the rawness of the throat.
Greencough is very similar to Whitecough and Bronchitis. However, it is worse than Whitecough and slightly less complicated than Bronchitis. The symptoms of Greencough include a slightly larger fever than those with Whitecough, a running nose, glossy eyes which will most definitely be crusting, chills, and a worsened cough. Greencough can be treated with fluent doses of catmint, seeing as the caretaker sees the illness completely depleted before terminating the treatment. Mixing crushed lavender petals with steaming water will also produce a calming scent, extracting ant discomfort or anxiety from the ill patient.
A sprain is a violent wrench or twist in a ligament, while a fracture or break is a crack or split in the physical bone structure.
The gestation of a feline should last anywhere from 58 to 63 days, while a canine's should last 58 to 68 days (approxiamtely 2+ months).
Expectants should invest in lean protein, such as fish and other high-protein prey. This will help support the fetus' growth and health. Nuts and whole grains could also help provide important energy and vitamins to boost strength and positivity through the pregnancy. Hydration is also crucial not only in the production of milk for the newborn(s), but also in basic survival and health of the Expectant.
Chamomile and juniper berries can help to soothe any fear or minor anxiety the Expectant might have prior or post-birth. Lavender petals can be crushed and stirred into steaming water to bring a pleasant, calming aroma to the atmosphere as well.
Expectants should indulge in rest and minor inactivity to preserve energy, strength, and nutrients for the fetus(es). However, with this being said, they should also be interested in going out for a walk every now and then to bring a new energy and new emotion over herself, which is not only healthy for her, but for her children. Contractions prior to birth can be eased with iris petals which have been crushed and mixed with water to pour over moss for the Expectant's convenience.
Contractions should be occuring frequently before the Expectant is thought to be in the stage of birth, as false alarms do occur often. However, once ready, the Expectant should have plenty of room, and the den should only consist of those helping deliver and the father (if desired by the Expectant). Once a newborn is delievered, a Caretaker should carefully remove the membrane sack and groom him/her dry.
A poultice of Raspberry leaf should be rubbed thoroughly onto the surface of a vast branch before being sprinkled with crushed iris petals. This branch should be given to the Expectant to bite on during heavy contractions. The herbal mixture atop the tree limb will help with pain and to minimize bleeding once chewed. The raspberries will minimize bleeding, while the iris petals minimize the pain. Wet moss should also be available if the Expectant becomes thirsty or dehydrated during delivery.
After the kitting, the father and the mother of the newborns should be left alone to admire their delivered newborns. If the queen is strong enough, she can try to move into the nursery with the other kits/queens. The newborns should eat three to four times a day until they're approximately five months old. By the four to five month age, they are able to eat dry food and eat two to three times a day. Kits should be allowed to explore with caution and play, for it grows their knowledge and expands their physique.
Types of Paralysis
Below you will find three vocabulary words, each summing up the concomitants which align with the paralytic terms.
Refers to paralysis of a single portion of one's anatomy
Refers to paralysis below the waist
Refers to paralysis below the neck
Broken Thoracic Vertebrae
Ruptured Spinal Cord
Major Spinal Injury
Traumatic Brain Injury
Mental Negativity Build-up
Lungs Overfilling With Mucus
Some types of paralysis, depending on severity, can be cured by fluent therapy, exercise, and movement, as tissue and muscle cells reproduce; however, not all types are curable, as permanent damage may coerce cells and tissue to die as it can no longer be used or processed. Mental treatment can be put into position by using calming herbs and soft words of encouragement. Depending on the site of paralysis, the patient may still exercise and move, just not as easily as before.
This lesson will most likely take the longest and the most effort, as many of these scenarios are complicated and have lengthy procedures. However, these may be helpful and resourceful to know and have stored in your herbal, roleplay knowledge as it may save your patient one day.
Before attempting anything to save the victim's life, swiftly check for signs of life such as breathing, a heartbeat, any indications of movement or stirring, or any commotions, no matter how subtle. This is necessary for the Medicinal Caretaker to evalutate the patient's health and need before imputting any force or medical care. To rid the patient of the water taking up residential properties within the lungs, flip the organism onto it's back, positioning the belly upwards. Have a helper such as an assistant, partner, or apprentice hold the patient in place, resolving any potential issue of unwanted movement or motion from the victim. Place your paws in a specific, precise alignment along the patient's chest and push rapidly in a pumping motion. For higher-quality cases, the Caretaker should be pumping approximately 100 times per minute. A set of thirty should only take approximately 15 to 20 seconds. Continue to do this until the situation visably improves or until it has grown gravely hopeless. If the patient improves and leads a way to recovery, they should be given shock root once they're stable enough to move on their own.
Stitching is a treatment that should only be done if you can't get your herbs to comply, for it pains the patient and risks their eminent death.
1) Take a necessary amount of bramble twig and warm water and create a syrup by crushing the content of the twig into the water. Mix thyme and blend by crushing the mixture until it's thoroughly dissolved.
2) Have the cat consume, and wait until the cat's breathing slows to know they're unconscious.
3) Take a sharp rock, or a sharp stick, and cut a clean line wherever you're performing the incision.
4) Use damp, sanitary moss to clean and move the edges if needed. Do not use your paws or claws while in the cat's insides.
5) Do what you need with care, but hurry, the patient will be losing blood as you spin this procedure. Use a sustainable, sanitary leaf if you wish you remove or make contact with anything inside the patient.
6) Use a sharp stick, cleaned in water then sun-dried, attached to a long line of extremely thin, tied leaf-string or cobweb to try and weave the two sides of flesh back together. (Optional, depending on the size of the cutting you made.)
7) After your completion, have a cat hold the two ends of the flesh you cut back together. Then lay a flat, warm, sanitary rock onto the area. The rock will increase blood flow to the surface, putting a faster, simpler healing in effect.
8) Apply an oak leaf paste to the area that you worked on along with dabbing damp moss on it every few hours.
9) Before the cat becomes fully conscious, feed them a small dose of poppy seeds and a thyme leaf.
10) When they wake, give them shock root to help reboot and stabilize their system and chamomile if they're under stress or pressure from the medical procedure.